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Coronavirus Prevention, Symptoms, Suggestions and Helpline Numbers

  • By Harleys Clinic
  • Apr, 13 2020

Coronaviruses area group of viruses, which can cause mild to very severe illness in patients, the first known case of coronavirus, emerged in the year 2003 known as SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) epidemic in China and again an outbreak in the year 2012 in Saudi Arabia known as MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome).


On 31st Dec 2019, the Chines authority alerted the WHO (World Health Organization) about Coronavirus that can cause severe respiratory illness named as COVID-19 or SARS-CoV-2.


It is considered that COVID-19 first transmission to human happened in the city of Wuhan, China & Spread across the world within no time.


Till date, recorded case of COVID-19 have surpassed 799,677 people, in which 38,720 died, 169,974 recovered and 590,983 are active coronavirus patient and the numbers of active patients are increasing every second.


80% of COVID-19 patients don’t require any special treatment, they might experience flu symptoms, but 20% may experience severe symptoms, such as coughing, breath shortness or breathing problems and others.


Mostly old ages people or people who have medical issues, such as diabetes, respiratory disease (Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema, Lung Cancer, Cystic Fibrosis/Bronchiectasis, Pneumonia and or Pleural Effusion) cardiovascular disease are more at risk of developing serious illness due to COVID-19.


The best measure to slow down person to person transmission of COVID-19 is social distancing. As COVID-19 virus can easily spread through droplets of saliva while talking or when the infected person coughs or sneezes the discharge from the nose can infect a person nearby.


For now, there is no line of treatment or medicines available to treat COVID-19, though clinical trials are underway to find a generic medicine that can be made available.


Till then the best measures for COVID-19 Prevention are:


  1. Wash your hands for at least 30 seconds properly with hand wash or soap and water, every now and then or if you are involved in activities that require unknown surface touching, you can increase the frequency of hand wash.
  2. Use sanitizers those are high in alcohol.
  3. Use hand gloves
  4. Avoid touching your nose, eyes or mouth
  5. Cover your mouth while coughing or sneezing, you can use a tissue paper or in case your flexed elbow
  6. Try to maintain a distance of at least 1 meter from any such person who has mild or severe coughing or sneezing
  7. Only go out of your house, in case of emergency
  8. If you are experiencing any symptoms, practice self-quarantine 
  9. Don’t involve in any such activity that leads to weakening of your lungs, smoking or any related activities.
  10. Avoid large gathering 

Symptoms of COVID-19 virus

The symptoms might vary from person to person, a healthy person might experience mild flu or respiratory symptoms and will recover without the need of any specific treatment, while at the same place people who have a medical history or those who are more than 60 years of age, are at high risk of developing severe symptoms and require specialized medical treatment to recover from COVID-19 virus.


COVID-19 virus Common symptoms include:

  1. Dry-coughing
  2. Sore throat
  3. Breathing problems
  4. Slightly raised body temperature than normal or at times mild to high fever
  5. Fatigue
  6. Body ache and or headache

& very few might experience diarrhoea, nausea or a runny nose.



People who are healthy and experience any mild symptom should not panic, the first thing is self-quarantine and next is consulting your doctor, while People, who are experiencing severe symptoms should call the Central Helpline Number for corona-virus: -+91-11-23978046


Coronavirus Update (Live)


Helpline Numbers of States & Union Territories (UTs)


S. No Name of the State Helpline Nos.
1 Andhra Pradesh 0866-2410978
2 Arunachal Pradesh 9436055743
3 Assam 6913347770
4 Bihar 104
5 Chhattisgarh 104
6 Goa 104
7 Gujarat 104
8 Haryana 8558893911
9 Himachal Pradesh 104
10 Jharkhand 104
11 Karnataka 104
12 Kerala 0471-2552056
13 Madhya Pradesh 0755-2527177
14 Maharashtra 020-26127394
15 Manipur 3852411668
16 Meghalaya 108
17 Mizoram 102
18 Nagaland 7005539653
19 Odisha 9439994859
20 Punjab 104
21 Rajasthan 0141-2225624
22 Sikkim 104
23 Tamil Nadu 044-29510500
24 Telangana 104
25 Tripura 0381-2315879
26 Uttarakhand 104
27 Uttar Pradesh 18001805145
28 West Bengal 1800313444222, 03323412600


S. No



Name of Union Territory (UT)



Helpline Nos.


1 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 03192-232102
2 Chandigarh 9779558282
3 Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu 104
4 Delhi 011-22307145
5 Jammu & Kashmir 01912520982, 0194-2440283
6 Ladakh 1982256462
7 Lakshadweep 104
8 Puducherry 104